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05. Development of Technologies for Substitution of Agro-chemicals
  • Development of Technologies for Substitution of Agro-chemicals
  • While the use of organic pest-control alternatives increases worldwide, Korea continues to depend heavily on chemical fertilizers and pesticides to produce agricultural commodities. The main challenge of the nation is to maintain sustainable agriculture and conserve nature while improving the productivity of the soil and meeting the demands for healthy food. This can be accomplished by developing pest control methods compatible with environmentally-friendly agricultural techniques.
  • The goal of this agenda is to foster environmentally-friendly agriculture and support the national low carbon green growth policy by reducing or replacing chemical fertilizers and pesticides from 30% in 2012 up to 40%. To achieve this goal, green manure crops will be developed as an alternative to chemical fertilizers, organic resources will be utilized, and environmentally-friendly management of nutrients will be implemented. For chemical pesticides, new bio-pesticide development and industrialization will be conducted, and biological control methods using natural enemies will be developed as well. The major works that will be carried out include improvement of manure crops and seed self-sufficiency, nutrient management technology to reduce fertilizer use, new bio-pesticide development from natural bio-resources, and development of biological control methods using natural enemies.
  • The National Institute of Crop Science (NICS) and the National Academy of Agricultural Science (NAAS) will take part in the development of green manure crops and soil fertility management methods, respectively. These two institutes cooperate with the Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (MFAFF) for policy; and the Agricultural Technology Center, universities, farmers, etc. for on-farm research and extension. Scientists from universities and industries are tapped for the research project on bio-pesticide. The other research project about biological control will be carried out jointly by the National Academy of Agricultural Science, National Institute of Crop Science, and National Institute of Horticultural and Herbal Science.
  • Development of Technologies for Substitution of Agro-chemicals
  • Through this program, chemical fertilizers usage will be reduced to 40% of the average amount consumed from 1999 to 2003 and pesticides to 30% by 2012, thus improving food safety and public health, supporting the government's policy of sustainable agriculture, and contributing to the conservation of the environment.
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